Plants in the Garden

This is a list of all the plants currently in the ground in my garden, organised by family. I’ve only included plants that are either perennial or successfully self-seed, so annual fruit and veg aren’t listed. Most have survived at least one winter and come back in spring, so hopefully are semi-permanent.

Actinidiaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
 Actinidia kolomikta Manchurian kiwi Woody Climber Ornamental, Fruit

Adoxaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Sambucus canadensis American elder Shrub Flowers, Berries
Sambucus nigra European elder Shrub/Tree Flowers, Berries

Amaranthaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
 Blitum bonus-henricus  Good King Henry Perennial Vegetable

Amaryllidaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Allium babingtonii Babington’s leek Perennial Vegetable
Allium fistulosum Welsh onion Perennial Vegetable
Allium schoenoprasum Chives Perennial Herb, Vegetable
Allium tuberosum Chinese chives Perennial Herb, Vegetable
Allium ursinum Wild garlic Perennial Herb, Vegetable

Apiaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Angelica archangelica Angelica Perennial Herb
Foeniculum vulgare Fennel Perennial Herb
Levisticum officinale Lovage Perennial Herb
Myrrhis odorata Sweet cicely Perennial Herb, Vegetable

Apocynaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Vinca minor Periwinkle Perennial Groundcover

Araliaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Aralia cordata Udo Perennial Vegetable, Ornamental

Aristolochiaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Asarum europaeum Wild ginger Perennial Groundcover

Asparagaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Asparagus officinalis Asparagus Perennial Vegetable
Polygonatum multiflorum Solomon’s seal Perennial  Ornamental, Edible(?)

Asteraceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Artemisia absinthium Wormwood Perennial Ornamental
Artemisia dracunculus Tarragon Perennial Herb
Calendula officinalis Pot marigold Annual Ornamental, Edible
Cichorium intybus Chicory Perennial Vegetable
Cynara cardunculus Globe artichoke Perennial Vegetable
Helichrysum italicum Curry plant Perennial Herb
Leptinella squalida Brass buttons Perennial Groundcover
Tanacetum parthenium Feverfew Perennial Herb

Berberidaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Berberis darwinii Darwin’s barberry Shrub Ornamental, Hedging

Betulaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Alnus viridis Green alder Shrub Nitrogen fixation

Boraginaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Borago officinalis Borage Annual Ornamental, Edible
Omphalodes cappadocica Navelwort Perennial Groundcover
Phacelia tanacetifolia Blue tansy Annual Green manure
Pulmonaria spp. Lungwort Perennial Ornamental
Symphytum officinale Comfrey Perennial Nutrient accumulation

Brassicaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Aubrieta spp.  Aubrieta Perennial Flowers, Ornamental
Bunias orientalis Turkish rocket Perennial Vegetable
Diplotaxis tenuifolia Rocket Perennial Vegetable

Buddlejaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Buddleja spp.  Buddleja Shrub Flowers, Ornamental

Campanulaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Campanula latifolia Giant bellflower Perennial Flowers, Vegetable
Campanula poscharskyana Trailing bellflower Perennial Flowers, Vegetable
Pratia spp. Pratia Perennial Groundcover

Caprifoliaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Centranthus ruber Red valerian Perennial Ornamental, Vegetable
Lonicera caerulea Honeyberry Shrub Fruit

Caryophyllaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Cerastium tomentosum Snow in summer Perennial Ornamental
Silene vulgaris Bladder campion Perennial Wildflower, Vegetable

Cornaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Cornus canadensis Creeping dogwood Perennial Groundcover

Elaeagnaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Elaeagnus multiflora  Goumi Shrub Fruit

Fabaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Lotus corniculatus Bird’s foot trefoil Perennial Groundcover, Nitrogen fixation
Trifolium pratense Red clover Perennial Groundcover, Green manure

Grossulariaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Ribes × nidigrolaria Jostaberry Shrub Fruit
Ribes nigrum Blackcurrant Shrub Fruit
Ribes uva-crispa Gooseberry Shrub Fruit

Hydrangeaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
 Hydrangea spp. Hydrangea Shrub Flowers, Ornamental

Lamiaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Ajuga reptans Bugle Perennial Groundcover
Hyssopus officinalis Hyssop Shrub Herb
Lavandula angustifolia Lavender Shrub Herb
Melissa officinalis  Lemon balm Perennial Herb
Mentha × piperita Peppermint Perennial Herb
Mentha pulegium Pennyroyal Perennial Herb
Mentha suaveolens Apple mint Perennial Herb
Origanum vulgare Oregano Perennial Herb
Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary Shrub Herb
Salvia officinalis Sage Shrub Herb
Satureja montana Winter savory Shrub Herb
Stachys affinis Chinese Artichoke Perennial Herb
Thymus spp. Thyme Shrub Herb

Lauraceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Laurus nobilis Bay Tree Herb, Ornamental

Malvaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Malva moschata Musk mallow Perennial Ornamental, Vegetable

Montiaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Claytonia sibirica Siberian purslane Perennial Edible leaves, groundcover

Onagraceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Fuchsia magellanica  Fuchsia Shrub Fruit, Ornamental

Onocleaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Matteuccia struthiopteris Ostrich fern Perennial Vegetable, Ornamental

Polygonaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Rheum palmatum Turkish rhubarb Perennial Vegetable
Rheum x hybridum Rhubarb Perennial Vegetable

Primulaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Lysimachia nummularia Creeping jenny Perennial Groundcover, Ornamental
Primula vulgaris Primrose Perennial Ornamental

Rosaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon Shrub Fruit, Ornamental
Aronia spp. Chokeberry Shrub Fruit, Ornamental
Chaenomeles japonica Flowering quince Shrub Fruit, Ornamental
Duchesnea indica Mock strawberry Perennial Groundcover
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet Perennial Herb, Wildflower
Fragaria vesca Wild strawberry Perennial Fruit, Groundcover
Malus domestica Apple Tree Fruit
Mespilus germanica Medlar Tree Fruit, Ornamental
Prunus avium Cherry Tree Fruit
Prunus cerasus Sour cherry Tree Fruit
Prunus domestica Plum Tree Fruit
Pyrus communis European Pear Tree Fruit
Rosa canina Dog rose Shrub Ornamental
Rosa rugosa Ramanas rose Shrub Fruit, Ornamental
Rubus idaeus Raspberry Shrub Fruit
Rubus phoenicolasius Japanese wineberry Shrub Fruit
Rubus plicatus Blackberry Shrub Fruit
Sanguisorba minor Salad burnet Perennial Vegetable

Saxifragaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Tiarella cordifolia Foamflower Perennial Flowers, Groundcover

Tiliaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Tilia cordata Small-leaved lime Tree Edible leaves

Tropaeolaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Tropaeolum spp. Nasturtium Annual Ornamental

Violaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Viola odorata Sweet violet Perennial Ornamental, Groundcover, Vegetable
Viola tricolor Heartsease Perennial Ornamental, Groundcover, Vegetable

Vitaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Vitis vinifera Grape Woody climber Fruit

Xanthorrhoeaceae

Latin name Common name Plant type Use (if any)
Asphodeline lutea  King’s spear Perennial Ornamental
Hemerocallis spp. Daylilies Perennial Ornamental, Vegetable